What Is a Bay in Racking?

5 October 2019

In racking systems, a bay is the area between two frames. In order to maximize storage space, the bay area, as well as the rack framework itself, should be designed to accommodate the exact size, weight, and shape of the products being used by the business. This is where things can get a bit complicated, as there are a number of shelf characteristics you need to pay attention to.

Luckily, at KingmoRack, we have designed, manufactured, and delivered each and every kind of racking bay you can think of.

Shelving vs. Racking

Many assume that shelving and racking mean the same thing. When you’re specifically referring to warehouse storage, though, this is not the case. In storage frameworks, shelving is the type of system that is used for small goods, which are manipulated directly by hand. Unlike with pallet racks, shelving bays are designed for small-scale storage and have a series of small rows installed that help create individual compartments.

Pallet racking frameworks are intended to work with a variety of automated systems and machinery, such as forklifts. As such, the bays of each rack are much larger and deeper than in the case of shelves, since there is no human height or depth limitation. These tend to be made of heavy-duty materials, since they must often store several tones on each level.

Rated Capacity

Particularly when you’re looking to store a lot of merchandise, the rated capacity of your racking system will either cap your operations or empower you to do more. The maximum unit load and the total rated capacity for each bay basically determine how much you can store. These measurements are critical and should not be exceeded under any circumstance.

  1. Unit load refers to an individually stored item; for instance, a pallet that is going on your rack railings or mesh.

  2. Total rated capacity refers to how much total weight can be handled by your bay. Because most ground-level ones are placed directly on concrete, they can handle up to 12,000 Kg (26,400 lbs. roughly).

Each of the subsequent levels above the ground will have a total bay load that must not be exceeded by warehouse personnel. Otherwise, the system can pose a danger both to employees and the deposited merchandise.

High Bay Racking

In an attempt to maximize the total amount of space, designers can offer customers the possibility to acquire storage systems that take full advantage of both the vertical and the horizontal dimensions of your warehouse. A high degree of space utilization helps companies save millions in expenses, while also enabling them to do more with the same resources. These frameworks can be used by warehouse workers either in tandem with forklifts, as well as with various types of automated systems powered by conveyors or cranes.

Instead of having your employees retrieve every single item by hand, you can acquire a system that automatically transports items to the high-bay area, the production area, picking zones, or shipping departments. Our team at Kingmorack can customize your ideal racking system so that it fits your warehouse and your needs like a glove.

For example, the highest density storage can usually be achieved either with drive through or drive-in types of systems. Drive-in racks have only one entrance and exit, meaning that a last in, first out (LIFO) process would be used in order to retrieve items. This is perfect for low-turnover inventories that have non-perishable goods. A first in, first out (FIFO) system might be more suitable for the food retail industry. In the case of the latter, racking systems must be drive-through to allow maximum storage density and easy retrieval on a need-to basis.

Resilient Racking Bays

KingmoRack specializes in delivering tailor made, extremely resilient and durable storage systems that will enable your business to thrive not just for the next couple of years, but for decades to follow. In order to avoid getting confused between safety regulations, unit capacity, and maximum bay load, you can give us a call and benefit from our expertise for free.

Choosing the best type of bay to use in your racking system will not only change how operations are conducted in the warehouse, but also how fast you can deliver your products, and even how you handle your maintenance costs.